Considerable time is spent at Cycle Two level in presenting the four processes and numeration concepts with a variety of Montessori materials. The aim of this is to provide concrete images in the child’s mind upon which to hang abstract thought at a later time in their mathematical studies.
Each concept is taught using a variety of materials. For example, if working with a child on understanding addition, the teacher will use the golden bead material, the stamp game, the bead frames and the peg board. By seeing the process of addition represented in a variety of concrete forms, the child gains a deep and thorough understanding.
Geometry also has a strong focus at this level as it is at this stage of development that the child loves the big names of mathematical language – triangular pyramid, quadrilateral, dodecahedron.
All aspects of the state curriculum are covered, but using hands-on materials rather than pen and paper activities as the main teaching tool.
An Example Mathematics Activity
Cycle Two Montessori Mathematics example which hightlights the materials used for division problems